Opinión

W50: Weekly Potato & Sweet Potato Update

Papa (patata) fresca
Canadá
Egipto
Alemania
Pakistán
Publicado 20 de dic. de 2022
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Tridge's global market analysts and country representatives take a deep dive into what happened during W50 in the global common potato and sweet potato landscape. In summary, for the common potato market, the potato area in North Western Europe is expected to decrease in 2023 due to high production costs. Additionally, potato exports from Germany fell 20% YoY in October 2022. In Canada, however, in 2023, there may not be enough supply to meet the high demand for potatoes. Apart from that, Canadian potato growers on Prince Edward Island (P.E.I.) are also struggling since they now have to deal with greater input costs and transportation delays. In Russia, the potato crop production in the Omsk region has increased by a third for the 2022 season. The government of Peru was forced to declare a state of emergency on Saturday for 60 days due to the drought. As for the sweet potato market, Dutch import and re-export are constantly growing.

Common Potato

Europe

The Areas Under Potatoes in Western Europe Will Decrease

According to the North West European Potato Producers, the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, and France will all see a decrease in potato acreage in 2023 as a result of rising production and storage costs. Electricity prices rose by an average of 280% (from 50% to 500%) in the NEPG region between October 2021 and October 2022, while diesel fuel prices rose by an average of 55% (from 34 to 95%) during the same period.

Africa

East Africa Will Improve Trade In Seed Potatoes

According to a statement released by the East African Community (EAC) on Tuesday, laboratory equipment has been provided to member countries in the region as part of an initiative to enhance regional seed potato trade in East Africa. The project aims to create the conditions for the expansion of the seed potato trade by assisting in the development of regional strategies and action plans, as well as the establishment and harmonization of regional seed potato standards. Enhancing the technical and implementation capacity of staff and laboratories to successfully implement necessary sanitary and phytosanitary measures to facilitate the seed potato trade.

Germany

Germany Reduces Its Export of Ware Potatoes

According to official statistics, Germany exported 246,124MT of ware potatoes in October 2022, representing a 20% decline YoY. Although the Netherlands accounted for 45% of total German exports in October, volumes of ware potatoes exported there decreased 31% YoY to 104,719MT to 16,040M. Demand from Italy increased, which increased the German potato export by 14% YoY to 16,040MT whereas fresh potato imports to France have slightly decreased. The export price for washed Agata in W49 is the same as it was in W48 at USD 393.21/MT.

Canada

Potato Supplies Could Be Tight in 2023

In 2022, Alberta produced the most potatoes of any Canadian province, and its output rose by 9% YoY from 2021. In 2023, however, there may not be enough supply to meet the high demand for potatoes. Additionally, because of favorable harvest conditions, overall potato production in Canada in 2022 increased by 0.8% YoY to 6.25MMT. The production of potatoes increased by 4.9% YoY in the Manitoba region, but it decreased by 2.2% and 6.6% YoY in Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick, respectively. However, Alberta and other parts of North America could not have enough processing potatoes on hand.

French fries manufacturers normally import potatoes from Idaho and Washington State, US when Alberta needs more potatoes than it has. However, importing could be difficult this winter because potato acres and yields were below average in Idaho.

Challenges Faced by Potato Farmers on Prince Edward Island

Following the fight against potato wart disease, Canadian potato growers on Prince Edward Island (P.E.I.) are struggling since they now have to deal with greater input costs and transportation delays. Potato planting was down at least 50 hectares from 2021, according to the farmers. This is due to the rising cost of fuel and fertilizers, respectively. Tropical Hurricane Fiona also ravaged the island, damaging fields and causing delays as storm damage, such as fallen trees, had to be cleared before harvesting could continue. The tubers began to rot as a result of flooding brought on by the storm. When bringing essential supplies to the island that are needed for farming, shipping delays are severe.

Egypt

The Arrival of 82K MT of European Potato Seeds, at a Value of USD 49.2M

According to the ministry of agriculture, 82K MT of European potato seed arrived in Egypt from October 31 to W50 for the 2022/23 growing season. A total of 65 varieties of authorized seeds worth approximately USD 49.2M were imported via shipments from the Netherlands, Belgium, Scotland, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, and Germany, with a price of USD 600/MT on average. Of the overall quantities, the "Espunta" seed variety had the highest recorded quantities of 25K MT, followed by the "Hate" variety at 20K MT. Following that, it is anticipated that these seeds will be planted in the summer crop, which will be collected in May of next year and in December.

Pakistan

3rd Aeroponic Greenhouse for Production of Virus Free Seed Potatoes Established

At the National Agricultural Research Center, the third most recent aeroponic greenhouse for the production of seed potatoes free of viruses has been built (NARC). The greenhouse was developed in collaboration with the Korean Program on International Agriculture (KOPIA). The fourth-most significant and lucrative crop in Pakistan, the potato, is currently experiencing production issues due to a lack of high-quality seeds in Pakistan. With this greenhouse, which can grow 9200 plants, good-quality potatoes can be produced.

Russia

Potato Production Increased by a Third In the Omsk Region, Potato Production Increased by a Third

According to the Omsk region's Ministry of Agriculture, potato crop production in the region has increased by a third. In the Siberian region, around 420K MT of potatoes have been harvested, yielding an average of 240kg/ha. In 2021, the overall harvest was just about 320K MT in the region. Giving the potato sub-sector the status of a priority resulted in successes in potato production in the Omsk region, such as beginning to provide farmers with subsidies for technical re-equipment and covering a portion of the expenses of purchasing fertilizers.

Peru

Drought in Peruvian Andes Proves Fatal for Alpacas and Potato Crops

The government of Peru was forced to declare a state of emergency on Saturday for 60 days in more than 100 districts as a result of the loss of alpaca flocks and potato harvests caused by a drought in the Peruvian Andes. The drought, which was made worse by the offshore La Nina weather phenomenon in the central Pacific Ocean, was classified as one of the worst in the previous 50 years by the national weather service. Several weather stations in the Andean region reported that November 2022 was among the driest months in the previous 58 years.

Poland

Potato Seed Prices Have Increased in Poland

In Poland, the price of potato seeds rose by an average of 15–30% compared to 2021. On Polish wholesale markets, the price of edible potato for W50 is in the range of USD 181.70-340.68/MT, and for starch potato, USD 68.14-90.85/MT. The fact is that producers will continue to neglect this crop until there are significant improvements, despite the processors' talk of a price hike this season. The market for chips and French fries is doing a little better. The demand for potatoes has gradually fallen this season, primarily as a result of Poland's decreasing exports of these goods to Russia (due to the war in Ukraine). Farmers also brought up the problem of unsatisfactory price deals in this industry. 

Tanzania

Tanzanian Food Prices Increased Due to Rain Shortages During the 2021/22 Season

The Deputy Minister for Investment, Industry and Trade has declared to monitor the high increase in food prices as the end of 2022 approaches. He mentioned food items whose prices have increased such as maize, maize flour, rice, beans, potatoes, wheat flour, sugar, and cooking oil, adding that the products have been affected by the shortage of rains during the agricultural season 2021/22. In Dar es Salaam, Njombe, and Mbeya regions, potato prices increased to USD 0.80/kg from USD 0.295/kg in the previous month.

Sweet Potato

World Trade Is No Longer Growing, but Dutch Imports and Exports Are Still Growing Strongly

For several years, the global trade in sweet potatoes has been either constant or dropping. Both imports and exports from other countries are included in this. However, it certainly does not apply to the import (and re-export) of the Netherlands as it continues growing. In 2021, the Netherlands imported nearly 180K MT of sweet potatoes, making it the world's major importer. 150K MT of the imported volume was intended for re-export, accounting for the vast majority. The Netherlands mainly imports sweet potatoes into the European market. Fresh goods make up the vast majority of trade worldwide. In addition, frozen sweet potatoes are still traded. China is the most important supplier of this product internationally.

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