Frozen Shrimp Value Chain
Harvest (Farmers) -> Sorting (Farmers) -> Processing (Processors) -> Freezing (Processors) -> Packaging (Processors) -> Export
- Private farmers working together (cooperative) is the norm and is a lucrative business yielding higher net profits than other occupations.
- Monoculture, meaning these farms only produce prawns and not other crops.
1. Fry Production
Once the shrimp has fully matured, they are harvested and sold to:
-National wholesaler or retail outlet
- Exporting Companies
Some producers employ local agents to sell on their behalf, but this is not very common. More often, brokers will approach farmers and purchase from them, and sell to processors at a slim margin.
Processing / Logistics
Done by large unions like Thai Union.
Wholesale, Retail, Import
Importing entities are usually large conglomerates that buy in large quantities and redistribute to various channels:
-Retailers → make branded producers
-Food service providers (e.g. restaurants)
-Consumers & Retailers