Turmeric is grown by farmers and then goes to Processors/exporters who purchase this turmeric. They process and package it as per customer requirements. Then it is sold to traders and exporters who have it shipped to buyer destination countries.
Generally, exporters supply warehoused products. Also, it depends upon when an order comes in.
Supplier buying from other suppliers: Not very often. When turmeric is in season, it is available with the suppliers, and when it’s out of season, no supplier can supply it.
Deals are done with CIF terms mainly. Although the suppliers prefer FOB terms, deals are proceeded with CIF terms because of the congestion in Karachi port.