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Sorghum, Indonesian potential alternative to wheat

Sorghum, West Kalimantan's potential alternative to wheat
This news article has been translated to English.
Supply Yield / Stock Quantity
Nov 13, 2021
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Sorghum, or Sorghum bicolor L., is extensively cultivated by farmers in eastern Indonesia, including those in West Kalimantan, since it holds high economic value as food, animal feed, and other processed products. The Cereal Crops Research Institute (Balitsereal) of the Agricultural Research and Development Agency quoted as saying from various sources that the sorghum plant is native to Ethiopia, East Africa.
This plant made its way to Indonesia, as it was brought by the Dutch colonial government in 1925. The development of this plant in Indonesia was only seen in 1940. Sorghum plants are characterized by green trunks in the form of tubes with knuckles, and its height can reach up to four to five meters. The leaves are long and tapered at the ends akin to corn plants. Sorghum falls in the same family as rice, wheat, adlay, and corn. Sorghum, with its high adaptability and resistance to drought, is found across the world, including Indonesia. The US, Argentina, China, India, Nigeria, some East African countries, Yemen, and Australia are currently producing sorghum. Meanwhile, in Indonesia, the Agriculture Ministry stated through its official website that sorghum was widely cultivated in 1970. Their cultivation sites include East Java, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, West Nusa Tenggara, and East Nusa Tenggara. Sorghum can grow and develop well at 20-30 degrees Celsius, low humidity, ...
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