Yemen's unique grape varieties are in danger due to civil war
Published Sep 16, 2021
The civil war, which has been going on for 7 years in Yemen, also damages grape cultivation and grape varieties, which are important agricultural products of the country. While there were 40 grape varieties in the country before, this number has decreased to 20 in recent years. The ongoing civil war, the shortage of fuel caused by the economic and humanitarian crisis, the sale of products, the difficulty of accessing agricultural pesticides as well as imported and illegal products cause a crisis in grape cultivation. Grapes are harvested in Yemen from July to November every year.
According to the data of the Union of Agricultural Cooperatives affiliated to the Ministry of Agriculture, the country produces more than 163 thousand tons of grapes per year. According to the data showing that grapes are grown in approximately 35 percent of the fruit planted areas, grape cultivation ranks first among fruits. The grape, which is grown in regions with moderately cool weather, is planted in the regions around the city of Sana, including Beni Hasiş, one of the most productive agricultural areas. Grapes are also grown in Wadi Zahr and Beni Haris in the north of Sana'a, the city of Saada and Hulan in the southeast. Sana alone accounts for 80 percent of grape farming. Troubles in grape growing Awad al-Azab, a grower in the Beni Hasiş region of Yemen, which is famous for its grapes, told Anadolu Agency (AA) how grape growing in the country was affected. Azab said, "The high transportation costs and high fuel costs caused by the current situation in the country prevented ...