Product Intelligence

Avocado

Similar Names
Persea americana
Top Producer
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
0572 Avocados
Top Exporter
Mexico
080440 Avocados, fresh or dried
Top Importer
United States
080440 Avocados, fresh or dried
Wholesale Prices
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$ 3.30 per kg
-1.5%
Aug, 2019
Apr 1
Aug 12
Product Intelligence of Avocado

Varieties of Avocado

What are the varieties of Avocado?

-Native to lowlands of Central and South America, only introduced intoWest Indies.

-No anise leaf scent.

-Quite sensitive to cold.

-Fruit size variable, skin thin and smooth leathery.

-Early maturing, 6 to 9 months (summer variety).

-Most tolerant to soil salinity.

-Seeds loose, relatively large, can shake in fruit.

-Cotyledons rough.

-Pulp milk to watery in flavor.

-5–7% oil.

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Cristian Ariztia

-Native to highlands of Mexico, to Andes Chile, 2400 to 2800 m.

-Flowers generally more pubescent (hairy); bloom earliest in the season.

-Fruits small; fruit skin thin to membranous, rarely over 0.75 mm; seed relatively large to very large, and often loose; fruit pulp commonly rich to strong in flavor, sometimes with anise aroma; often fibrous; ripen 6-8 months (rapid development).

-Leaves are “anise” scented; under-surfaces more glaucous (whitened with a bloom).

-Most cold hardy of the avocado races; also more resistant to heat and low humidity.

-Trees found in higher elevations, hardy; least tolerant to soil salinity; early does well in coastal environment.

-Up to 30% oil.

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Cristian Ariztia
General Information

-Native to highlands of Central America toEcuadorandMexico, 800 to 2400 m.

-No anise leaf scent; young foliage more commonly reddish

-Large fruit, rough skin usually thick and leathery to woody, sometimes over 6 mm.

-Fruits mature 9–14 months, winter cultivar.

-Important commercial race; seeds are small, tight in cavity.

-Trees cold resistant.

-Hybrids of Guatemalan race most useful commercially

7.5 to 18% oil.

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Cristian Ariztia
General Information

-The avocado, unflatteringly known in the past as alligator pear, midshipman's butter, vegetable butter, or sometimes as butter pear, and called by Spanish-speaking people aguacate, cura, cupandra, or palta; in Portuguese, abacate; in French, avocatier; is the only important edible fruit of the laurel family, Lauraceae. 


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Everything you need to know about the basics, production, export, and import of Avocado.
Product Description
General Information

-Archaeological research indicates that avocados were found in Mexico in 8000 B.C. and in Peru towards 3000-4000 B.C. The area of origin is not exactly known, given the existence of several wild populations, but it is thought to be the region around the south of Mexico and Colombia. The Spanish name "aguacate’ comes from the Aztec "ahuacatl".

-It measures 5-6 cm in length. The normal weight ranges between 200-400 g, although there are some units that weigh up to 2 kg. The skin is thick and tough, of a green colour; the tone depends on the variety. The oily pulp of cream to greenish-yellow colour has a very similar taste to nuts. It has a single round seed of pale brown colour, 2-4 cm long.

-Fuerte, Hass and Nabal are the main varieties found in producers countries.

-The fruit can be eaten raw or cooked and it is widely consumed more as vegetable rather than a fruit.

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