Product Intelligence

Cashew Nut

Similar Names
Anacardium occidentale
Cashew Nuts
Top Producer
Vietnam
0217 Cashew nuts, with shell
Top Exporter
Vietnam
080130 Cashew nuts, fresh or dried
Top Importer
India
080130 Cashew nuts, fresh or dried
Wholesale Prices
help
$ 1.25 per kg
-3.8%
Aug, 2019
Apr 1
Aug 19
Product Intelligence of Cashew Nut

Grades of Cashew Nut

What are the specifications of Cashew Nut? (Grades, Sizes, Colors, etc..)

[White Pieces]

B(Butts)

-Kernels broken cross-wise and naturally.

-Cashew kernels shall be completely free from rancid kernels.

-The pieces shall be completely free from testa.


S(Splits)

-Kernels split naturally lengthwise.

-Cashew kernels shall be completely free from rancid kernels.

-The pieces shall be completely free from testa.


LWP(Large White Pieces)

-Kernels broken into more than two pieces and not passing through a 4-mesh 16 SWG sieve.

-Cashew kernels shall be completely free from rancid kernels.

-The pieces shall be completely free from testa.


SWP(Small White Pieces)

-Broken Kernels smaller than those described as WP but not passing through a 6-mesh 20 SWP sieve.

-Cashew kernels shall be completely free from rancid kernels.

-The pieces shall be completely free from testa


BB(Baby Bits)

-Plumules and broken kernels smaller than those descried as SWP but not passing thorough a 10-mesh 24 SWG sieve (uniform in size).

-Cashew kernels shall be completely free from rancid kernels.

-The pieces shall be completely free from testa.

[Scorched Pieces]

SB(Scorched Butts)

- Kernels broken cross-wise and naturally.

-Cashew kernels shall be free from rancid kernels.

-The pieces may be light brown or deep ivory in colour due to scorching as a result of over-beating.


SS(Scorched Splits)

- Kernels split naturally lengthwise.

-Cashew kernels shall be free from rancid kernels.

-The pieces may be light brown or deep ivory in colour due to scorching as a result of over-beating.


SP(Scorched Pieces)

- Kernels broken into pieces and not passing through a 4-mesh 16 SWG sieve.

-Cashew kernels shall be free from rancid kernels.

-The pieces may be light brown or deep ivory in colour due to scorching as a result of over-beating.


SSP(Second Scorched Pieces)

-Broken Kernels smaller than those described as SP but not passing through a 6-mesh 20 SWG sieve.

-Cashew kernels shall be free from rancid kernels.

-The pieces may be light brown or deep ivory in colour due to scorching as a result of over-beating.


SPS(Scorched Pieces Second )

- Kernels broken into pieces but not passing through a 4-mesh 16 SWG sieve Pieces of shrivelled .

-Kernels may be deformed due to immature nuts and black spots.

-Scorched pieces of cashew kernels with surface speckling and discolouration permitted.

- The kernels may be light brown, deep ivory or light to deep blue in colour.

-May be deformed due to immature nuts and may have spots.

-They shall be free from rancid kernels.


Powder(Kernel powder)

- Kernels broken to scorched powder during processing.

- Kernel powder shall have been obtained through deliberate breaking or as a process of peeling by hand.

-Shall be white, light brown, or brown but free from any infestation.

[Desert Pieces]

DP(Desert Pieces)

- Kernels broken into pieces but not passing through a 4-mesh 16 SWG sieve.

-The kernels may be deeply scorched.

-May have surface speckling and discolouration.

-May be brown, deep ivory or light to deep blue in colour.

-May be deformed and immature nuts and may have spots.


DSP(Desert Small Pieces)

- Kernels of the same description as above but smaller than DP.

-And not passing through a 6-mesh 20 SWG sieve More shrivelled than those described as SPS.

-Deeply scorched, The kernels may be deeply scorched.

-May have surface speckling and discolouration.

-May be brown, deep ivory of light to deep blue in colour.

-May be deformed and immature nuts and may have spots.


DB(Desert Butts)

- Kernels broken cross-wise and naturally attached More shrivelled than those described as SPS and deeply scorched.

- The kernels may be deeply scorched.

-May have surface speckling and discolouration.

-May be brown, deep ivory of light to deep blue in colour.

-May be deformed and immature nuts and may have spots.


DS(Desert Splits)

-Kernels split naturally lengthwise More shrivelled than those described as SPS and deeply scorched.

-The kernels may be deeply scorched.

-May have surface speckling and discolouration.

-May be brown, deep ivory of light to deep blue in colour.

-May be deformed and immature nuts and may have spots.

General Information

[White Whole Kernel]

• W180

-Shall be white, ivory or light ash in colour.

-Reasonably dry and free from damaged kernels

and black spots.

-Numbers of kernel per kg from 265 to 395.

 

 •W210

-Shall be white, ivory or light ash in colour.

-Reasonably dry and free from damaged kernels

and black spots.

-Numbers of kernel per kg from 440 to 465


 W240

-Shall be white, ivory or light ash in colour.

-Reasonably dry and free from damaged kernels

and black spots.

-Numbers of kernel per kg from 485 to 530


 W280

-Shall be white, ivory or light ash in colour.

-Reasonably dry and free from damaged kernels

and black spots.

-Numbers of kernel per kg from 575 to 620


 W320

-Shall be white, ivory or light ash in colour.

-Reasonably dry and free from damaged kernels

and black spots.

-Numbers of kernel per kg from 660 to 706


 W400

-Shall be white, ivory or light ash in colour.

-Reasonably dry and free from damaged kernels

and black spots.

-Numbers of kernel per kg from 770 to 880


W450

-Shall be white, ivory or light ash in colour.

-Reasonably dry and free from damaged kernels

and black spots.

-Numbers of kernel per kg from 880 to 990


W500

-Shall be white, ivory or light ash in colour.

-Reasonably dry and free from damaged kernels

and black spots.

-Numbers of kernel per kg from 990 to 1100

[Scorched Whole Kernel]

•SW(Scorched Whole)

-Shall be reasonably dry

and free from damaged kernels, black

spots and testa. 

-Shall be completely

free from rancid kernels.

-Light brown, light ivory, light ash or deep

ivory in colour due to scorching as a result of overheating.


•SSW(Second Scorched Whole)

-Slightly scorched kernels and

kernels with slight speckling

and discoloration are permitted.

-Shall be completely free

from rancid kernels. 

-Light brown,

light blue, or light ivory in colour

due to scorching. 

-The kernels may also be immature.

[Dessert Whole Kernel]

•DW(Dessert Whole)

-shall be dry and free from insect damage and testa.

-Scorched, discoloured,speckled and shrivelled kernels

are permitted. 

-Rancid kernels may show deep black spot.

Explore Other Definitive Guides to Cashew Nut

Everything you need to know about the basics, production, export, and import of Cashew Nut.
Product Description
General Information

Origin.

-Cashew (A. occidentale L.) is native to Latin America and has a primary center of diversity in Amazonia, and a secondary one in the Planalto of Brazil. Natural occurrence of cashew has been reported from Mexico to Peru, and in the West Indies. It was one of the first fruit trees from the New World to be widely distributed throughout the tropics by the early Portuguese and Spanish adventurers. The name cashew is from the Portuguese caju, which in turn comes from the Tupi-Indian word acaju. The incoming colonists in what is now Brazil found that the native Indians valued both the cashew nut and the so-called apple, the fleshy pedicel or stalk of the fruit.

-Cashew was discovered by Portuguese traders and explorers in Brazil in 1578. It was introduced into West and East Africa and India by the Portuguese travelers in the 16thcentury. By then, cashew was considered a suitable crop for soil conservation, forestation, and also wasteland development. Therefore, the initial aim of cashew introduction to those areas was not to produce nuts and apples (pseudo-fruits), but to help control soil erosion on the coast.


-The nut is attached to the lower portion of the cashew apple which is conically shaped. The cashew nut (seed) hangs at the bottom of the apple, and is c-shaped.

-The cashew seed has within the outside shell the edible kernel or nut. In its raw form the cashew kernel is soft, white and meaty. When roasted it changes colour and taste. Salted, it appeals to the palate as the most delicious nut.


-Medicinal Uses: Bark of cashew is reported to have antihypertensive and blood glucose lowering potential. The kernel yields oil which can serve as mechanical and chemical antidote for irritant poisons. Cashew apple and its juice exhibit anti-scorbutic property. Juice of cashew apple is also used as Diuretic, in treatment of kidney diseases, and Cholera. The shell oil is used as mild purgative, for expulsion of hookworms, for cracks in feet, warts, corns, leprous sores. The resinous juice of seed is used in treatment of mental disorders, sexual debility and as a sequel to small pox.

-Edible Uses: The fleshy peduncle called cashew apple when ripe is used in beverages. The kernel is consumed as raw nuts, roasted nuts, fried nuts, salted nuts, dry fruit, and is added to cakes and deserts. In countries the leaves are used as vegetables. The wood of the tree is used as fuel.

-Commercial Uses: The bark of cashew tree is used in tanning industry. It is also used as an insecticide, and an adhesive for book binding. It is used in pharmaceutical industry as substitute for gum Arabic and is also used in making ink. The juice of cashew apple is used for making wine. The cashew apple is used in preparing various juices, syrups, candies and pickles. The residue of cashew apple is used to extract pectin. Vinegar is prepared from fresh fruit of cashew. The cashew nut shell is used in the cosmetic industry, pharmaceutical industry, textile industry, paper industry, and ink making. Cashew nut shell yields a vesicant juice known in trade as Cashew nut Shell Liquid (CNSL). CSNL is used in preservation of boats, nets, and wood. CNSL is used in insulating varnishes and resins. It is also used in paint industry, particle board adhesives, thermo-plastic resins, thermosetting resins, and plastic industry. The shell oil is also used as insecticide against mosquito larvae


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