The average yield is 10 kg/tree. Nuts are medium in size with a nut weight of 5g and the shelling percentage of 27.5. Kernel protein percentage is 19.8%.The kernel grade is W 400.
The average yield is 11 kg/tree. The nuts are small with a nut weight of 4g and shelling percentage of 25.7.. The protein content of kernels is 21.3%. The kernel grade is W 450.
The average yield recorded was 11 kg/tree. The nut weight is 4.8g with shelling percentage of 28.1. Protein content is 19.0%.The kernel grade is W 400.
The average yield is 10.5kg/tree with a nut weight of 6g. Shelling percentage is poor (23%). Protein % of kernels is 18.1%.The kernel grade is W 400.
The nut weight is 5.2g. The mean nut yield is 11kg/tree with shelling percentage of only 24. Protein percentage is also rather low (16.8%).The kernel grade is W 400.
Mean yield of nuts is about 10.5kg/tree. The nut weight is 5.2g and shelling percentage of this variety is also only 24. Protein percentage is 20.3%.The kernel grade is W 400.
The variety has mean yield of 14 kg/tree with better nut size (8.2g). Shelling percentage (29%) of this variety is also better than the rest of the varieties. The kernel grade is W 210.
VRI-1 (M 10/4)
This variety is a selection from germplasm collected from Vazhisodhanipalayam in South Arcot District of Tamil Nadu. Mean yield is 7.2 kg/tree under Vridhachalam conditions. The nut size is small with 5g nut weight and shelling percentage of 28%. The kernel grade is W 320.
VRI-2 (M 44/3)
This variety is found adaptable over wide range of soils and regions. The average yield is about 7.4 kg/tree. The nut size is small with 5.1g nut weight with shelling percentage of 28.3%. The kernel grade is W 320.
VRI-3 (M 26/2)
The average yield of this variety is about 10 kg/tree, thus the increase over VRI-2 and VRI-1 being 35 to 39% respectively. The nut size is medium with 7.2g nut weight and shelling percentage of 29.1%. The kernel grade conforms to W 210 export grade.
It has cluster bearing habit with about 12 fruits per bunch. This variety has average yield of 10 kg/tree with small nut size (4.6g nut weight). The shelling percentage is high (32%) with kernel grade of W 320.
Jagannath (BH 6)
Variety having bold nuts with 8.6g nut weight. The variety gives an average nut yield of 2.1 t/ha (10.5 kg/tree) and possesses high shelling percentage (32.5 %).
Balabhadra (BH 85)
Variety having bold nuts with 7.4g nut weight. The variety gives an average nut yield of 2.0 t/ha (10.0 kg/tree) and possesses high shelling percentage (30.0 %)
It has on an average, 6 fruits per bunch and yield of 8.5 kg/tree with small nut size (5g nut weight). Shelling percentage is 30 and kernel grade is W 320.
The average nut weight is 9.2g with a kernel weight of 2.85g and high shelling (32%). The kernel grade is W 180.The variety can yield 13.5 kg/tree in 7th harvest.
The average yield is 19 kg/tree. The nut weight is 6.2g with the shelling percentage of 31. It is early flowering variety. Colour of the apple is yellow. Kernel grade is W 240.
The average yield is about 24 kg/tree (in 20th year of age). But the nuts are small with 4.3g nut weight and shelling percentage of 32. Colour of apple is pinkish red. Kernel grade is W 320.
Average yield is 14.4 kg/tree. This is a bold nut variety with the nut weight of 9.1g and shelling percentage of 27. Kernel grade is W210 (export grade).
The yield of nuts is 17.2 kg/tree. The nut weight is 7.7g and shelling percentage is 31. The colour of the apple is red. Kernel grade is 210 (export grade).
The average yield is 16.6 kg/tree. The nut size is small with 4.5 g nut weight. The shelling percentage is 30. Kernel grade is W 400.
The variety has average yield of 13.8 kg/tree with nut weight of 8g. The kernel grade is W 210. This variety is popular among farmers.
Average yield is 18.5 kg/tree. It is a bold nut type with nut weight of 10g and shelling percentage of 30.5. Kernel grade is W 180. Average weight of kernel is 2.9g.
It is a hybrid released in 2001 and yields 15-20 kg /tree. It has bold nuts with 86 nuts / kg. it is red apple variety with juice recovery is 85%.
The average yield of Goa-1 is 7.0 kg/tree with nut weight of 7.6 g (range : 7.3 – 7.9 g) and the shelling percentage of 30.0 (range : 28.9 – 31.0%). Kernel weight is 2.2 g. The kernel grade is W 210.
The average yield of Goa-2 is 5.5 kg/tree with nut weight of 9.4 g (range : 9.2 – 9.6 g) and the shelling percentage of 29.25. Kernel weight is 2.3 g. The kernel grade is W 210.
-Cashew (A. occidentale L.) is native to Latin America and has a primary center of diversity in Amazonia, and a secondary one in the Planalto of Brazil. Natural occurrence of cashew has been reported from Mexico to Peru, and in the West Indies. It was one of the first fruit trees from the New World to be widely distributed throughout the tropics by the early Portuguese and Spanish adventurers. The name cashew is from the Portuguese caju, which in turn comes from the Tupi-Indian word acaju. The incoming colonists in what is now Brazil found that the native Indians valued both the cashew nut and the so-called apple, the fleshy pedicel or stalk of the fruit.
-Cashew was discovered by Portuguese traders and explorers in Brazil in 1578. It was introduced into West and East Africa and India by the Portuguese travelers in the 16thcentury. By then, cashew was considered a suitable crop for soil conservation, forestation, and also wasteland development. Therefore, the initial aim of cashew introduction to those areas was not to produce nuts and apples (pseudo-fruits), but to help control soil erosion on the coast.
-The nut is attached to the lower portion of the cashew apple which is conically shaped. The cashew nut (seed) hangs at the bottom of the apple, and is c-shaped.
-The cashew seed has within the outside shell the edible kernel or nut. In its raw form the cashew kernel is soft, white and meaty. When roasted it changes colour and taste. Salted, it appeals to the palate as the most delicious nut.
-Medicinal Uses: Bark of cashew is reported to have antihypertensive and blood glucose lowering potential. The kernel yields oil which can serve as mechanical and chemical antidote for irritant poisons. Cashew apple and its juice exhibit anti-scorbutic property. Juice of cashew apple is also used as Diuretic, in treatment of kidney diseases, and Cholera. The shell oil is used as mild purgative, for expulsion of hookworms, for cracks in feet, warts, corns, leprous sores. The resinous juice of seed is used in treatment of mental disorders, sexual debility and as a sequel to small pox.
-Edible Uses: The fleshy peduncle called cashew apple when ripe is used in beverages. The kernel is consumed as raw nuts, roasted nuts, fried nuts, salted nuts, dry fruit, and is added to cakes and deserts. In countries the leaves are used as vegetables. The wood of the tree is used as fuel.
-Commercial Uses: The bark of cashew tree is used in tanning industry. It is also used as an insecticide, and an adhesive for book binding. It is used in pharmaceutical industry as substitute for gum Arabic and is also used in making ink. The juice of cashew apple is used for making wine. The cashew apple is used in preparing various juices, syrups, candies and pickles. The residue of cashew apple is used to extract pectin. Vinegar is prepared from fresh fruit of cashew. The cashew nut shell is used in the cosmetic industry, pharmaceutical industry, textile industry, paper industry, and ink making. Cashew nut shell yields a vesicant juice known in trade as Cashew nut Shell Liquid (CNSL). CSNL is used in preservation of boats, nets, and wood. CNSL is used in insulating varnishes and resins. It is also used in paint industry, particle board adhesives, thermo-plastic resins, thermosetting resins, and plastic industry. The shell oil is also used as insecticide against mosquito larvae