Banana has various uses that can be turned into many processed products. In addition to exporting of banana, processing banana into other value added products could mean additional income.
The following are the common processed banana products in the Philippines:
1. Banana Chips – raw banana is very low in saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium. It is also a good source of dietary fiber, vitamin C, potassium and manganese, and a very good source of vitamin B6. Raw bananas are good to make banana chips for snacks or you can make this as a business and sell in to local stores or tourist food shops.
2. Banana Puree – has an attractive color, fine texture and retain its fruity flavour. Banana puree must be further treated to ensure their preservation until the moment of final utilization and processing. Puree can be frozen, canned or aseptically packed and usually used for beverage industry, baby foods, snack foods, jam and sauces.
3. Banana Powder – has a great potential for commercialization. It has a high sugar and low starch content and can be used as a substitute for fresh banana in making traditional cakes or their premixes as well as in the processing of banana snacks, crackers or crisps.
4. Banana Jam – banana with sweet taste, fine flavour and texture can be processed into excellent jam. The proportion of banana puree, sugar, pectin and citric acid used in the processing of banana jam should be given special emphasis in order to produce a clear and fine texture jam. Banana jam has a good shelf-life.
5. Banana Sauce – is a ready-to-eat to sauce. It is used for moistening, flavour control and as a garnish to make food more delicious. The sauce has a strong banana taste and flavour and a dull yellow-red color. It has a shelf-life of one year when stored in bottles.
-Banana, a monoecious monocotyledonous plant belonging to the family Musacea, is the largest herbaceous plant in the world
-It is often considered a tree as it grows normally up to 3m in height and is fairly robust. However, the stem is in fact a pseudostem that grows from a corm.
-Banana is a great nutritional source composed mainly of water and carbohydrate that provides energy in the human body. It is a good source of Vitamin A, B, C and some mineral, particularly Phosphorus, Magnesium, Potassium and dietary fiber. It contains high levels of carbohydrate that provides energy. One banana fruit provides 380 mg which is more than an adult’s daily requirements of Potassium (Englberger, 2003). Banana with yellow to orange pulp contains high levels of pro-Vitamin A carotenoids (pVACs) that can be converted into Vitamin A.
Banana has several uses in food, industry, medicine and decorative purposes. The center succulent part of the pseudostem can be consumed as vegetable. The pseudostem, aside from feeds for hogs and cattles, can also be used as source of fiber and organic fertilizer. Banana leaves can be used as food wraps for leaf industry (Temanel, 2008) while the roots, stalk and peduncle can be used as organic fertilizer. Banana can also be processed into flour, puree, jam, jelly, wine, powder, dye, flakes, catsup and banana chips. Moreover, banana can be used as: umbrella (leaves), glue (starch), necklace (seeds), ornaments (decorative type), dye (banana sap), shampoo, and intercrop.