Product Intelligence

Common Bean

Similar Names
Phaseolus vulgaris
Field Bean
Pop Bean
Flageolet Bean
Pole Bean
Navy Bean
Haricot Bean
Bush Bean
Green Bean
Garden Bean
String Bean
Snap Bean
Runner Bean
French Bean
Top Exporter
Morocco
070820 Beans, shelled or unshelled, fresh or chilled
Belgium
071022 Beans, frozen, uncooked steamed or boiled
Argentina
071333 Kidney beans and white pea beans dried shelled
Top Importer
Spain
070820 Beans, shelled or unshelled, fresh or chilled
United States
071022 Beans, frozen, uncooked steamed or boiled
Brazil
071333 Kidney beans and white pea beans dried shelled
Wholesale Prices
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$ 2.06 per kg
+2.8%
Jul, 2019
Mar 4
Jul 15
Product Intelligence of Common Bean

Grades of Common Bean

What are the specifications of Common Bean? (Grades, Sizes, Colors, etc..)
General Information

- The following standards apply to beans of varieties (cultivars) grown from Phaseolus vulgaris L. and Phaseolus coccineus L., fresh to the consumer.

Minimum requirements: beans must be intact (according to the limits that will be stated below), sound (if it is affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is must be excluded), clean, almost free of any visible foreign matter, fresh in appearance, free from parchment (hard endoderm), practically free from pests and damage caused by pests, free of abnormal external moisture, free of any foreign smell and/or taste. 

Classification

“Extra” Class: has got to be of higher quality. They must be a true representative of the variety and/or commercial type. Also turgid, easily snapped, very tender, practically straight and stringless. If seeds are present they must be small and soft, however, needle beans must be seedless. Finally, in order to be considered "Extra" Class, beans have to be free from defects, except for very slight superficial defects, if they do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package. 

Class I: are those beans of good quality. They must be a true representative of the variety and/or commercial type, turgid, young and tender and practically stringless except in the case of beans meant for slicing. If seeds are present they must be small and soft.

The following slight defects, however, may be allowed, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package: a slight defect in shape, slight defects in coloring, and slight skin defects. 

Class II: includes beans that for some reason do not qualify for the above classes but satisfy the minimum requirements specified above: reasonably tender and free from rust spots in the case of needle beans. If seeds are present, they should not be too large and must be reasonably soft. It may present the following flaws provided the beans retain their essential

characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality, and presentation: defects in shape, defects in coloring, skin defects, strings, and slight rust spots except in the case of needle beans. 

Sizing

Size is determined by the maximum width of the pod measured at right angles to the seam. Needle beans in the same package shall not exceed:

• 6 mm when marked “very fine”

• 9 mm when marked “fine”

• 12 mm when marked “medium”. 


Quality tolerances

“Extra” Class: A total tolerance of 5% by number or weight of beans that do not meet the requirements of the class but meeting those of Class I is allowed. Within this tolerance, no more than 0.5% in total may consist of produce satisfying the requirements of Class II quality.

Class I: A total tolerance of 10 % by number or weight of beans that do not meet the requirements of the class but meeting those of Class II is allowed. Within this tolerance, no more than 1% in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements or of produce affected by decay. 

No tolerance is allowed when produce is affected by Colletotrichum lindemuthianum (bean spot disease).

Within this tolerance, a maximum of 5 %, by number or weight, may have strings in the case of a variety and/or commercial type that should be stringless. In addition, a maximum of 15% by number or weight, of beans (excluding needle beans) may have the stalk and a small section of the narrow part of the neck missing provided these pods remain closed, dry and not discolored. 

Class II: A total tolerance of 10%, by number or weight, of beans satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance, no more than 2% in total may consist of produce affected by decay. 

No tolerance is allowed when produce is affected by Colletotrichum lindemuthianum (bean spot disease).

In addition, a maximum of 30%, by number or weight, of beans (excluding needle beans) may have the stalk and a small section of the narrow part of the neck missing provided these pods remain closed, dry and not discolored. 


Size tolerances

For all classes (if sized): a total tolerance of 10% by number or weight, of beans not satisfying the requirements as regards sizing is allowed. 


 Presentation

-Uniformity: The contents inside each package has to be uniform and contain only beans of the same origin, variety or commercial type, quality and size (if sized). Whatever part visible of the content of the package must be a true representative of the entire content. 

- Packaging: it must protect the produce properly. The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly of paper or stamps bearing trade specifications, is allowed, provided the printing or labeling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue. Packages must be free of all foreign matter. 




Explore Other Definitive Guides to Common Bean

Everything you need to know about the basics, production, export, and import of Common Bean.
Product Description
General Information

The oldest-known bean evidence in the Americas was found in Peru, and dated to around the second millennium BCE. 

- Genetic analyses, however, have shown that common bean was originated in Mesoamerica, and afterward migrated southward.

There is also evidence of peas carbon dated back to 9750 BC, found by archaeologists in Thailand. 

- Phaseolus vulgaris L. is the best-known species of the genus Phaseolus in the family Fabaceae with some fifty species of plants, all native to America. 

- It is an annual species, which is cultivated throughout the world. 

- There are many varieties and from the plant,  its green pods and dried beans are consumed.

It is a herbaceous plant with a well developed and fast growing root system.

-  There are two different phases during the biological cycle of the bean: 

The vegetative phase begins with germination and culminates with the appearance of the first floral bud in the determined varieties or the first cluster in the indeterminate ones.

The reproductive phase: that starts with the first floral bud or bunch to the maturity of the harvest.

- It is the world’s most important food legume, it has a high protein content and abundant fiber, complex carbohydrates, and other daily food needs such as vitamins (folate) and minerals (Cu, Ca, Fe, Mg, Mn, Zn).

-Of the total producing countries, 45% correspond to the Asian Continent, 35% to the American Continent, 17% to the African Continent, 2.5% to Europe and the rest to Oceania.

- In 2017 India produced 6.390.000 tns of beans, Myanmar 5.466.166 tns, Brazil 3.033.017 tns, and The United States of America 1.625.900 tns.

- As far as harvesting area: India 15.425.864 ha, Myanmar 3.182.144 ha, and Brazil 2.795.284 ha.

- The main and most important use of beans is culinary.

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