Product Intelligence

Eggplant

Similar Names
Solanum melongena
Brinjal
Aubergine
Egg Plant
Top Producer
Armenia
0399 Eggplants (aubergines)
Top Exporter
Spain
070930 Aubergines(egg-plants), fresh or chilled
Top Importer
United States
070930 Aubergines(egg-plants), fresh or chilled
Wholesale Prices
help
$ 0.98 per kg
+0.0%
Aug, 2019
Apr 8
Aug 19
Product Intelligence of Eggplant

Definitive Guide to Eggplant

Everything you need to know about the basics, production, export and import of Eggplant.
Product Description
General Information

-Eggplant is one the most economically important solanaceous crop with potato, tomato, pepper, and tobacco.

-Wild plantation found first in Indo-Burma region from 300 BC, China first has adopted Eggplant in (200 BC~ 300 BC)., then Eggplant reached Persia very early but the date is unknown. 

-Eggplant was unknown by the ancient Greeks and Romans but spread throughout the Mediterranean Basin as a result of Muslim expansion in the 7th and 8th centuries.

-Eggplant is a warm-weather crop mostly cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions of the world., Although eggplant is a perennial, it is more commonly grown as an annual.

-Eggplant is a frost tender, heat loving, branching bushy plant with thick, woody stems. The green to grayish green leaves are large, lobed.

-There are many sizes and shapes of fruit, eggplant is an oval or pear-shaped, glossy, purplish fruit 10 ~ 20 cm long, with skin colors ranging from blackish purple to fluorescent purplish green to gold or white.some varieties produce bicolor or striped skin. The fruit has a dense, uniform and firm, white, sweet flesh.

-Most common species is the Large oval Eggplant, Elongated Eggplant, White eggplant.

-Start plants indoors in flats or peat pots 2 months before the soil warms up or buy nursery transplants just before planting, After planting, water well. Add a layer of mulch to retain moisture and suppress weeds.

-The fruit is eaten boiled, fried, or stuffed, while unripe fruits are used in curries or pickled. Young fruits are also eaten raw. It has several medicinal properties. The fruit is a source of calcium, phosphorus, iron, and vitamin B, Also play a role in beauty and make up industries.


General Information

-Scientific name is Solanum melongena Family: solanacease, genus: Solanum.

General Information

*0709 vegetable fresh or chilled.

-0709300 eggplant.

 

-White flesh, succulent mild mushroom like flavor, Long slender cylindrical fruit good in cool regions, very good yield.

General Information

-Good flavor and quality. Long slender cylindrical fruit, glossy dark purple skin.

General Information

-Fine flavor, holds well, Large round to oval fruit and purplish-black skin with bright green calyx.

General Information

-Class 1: eggplants of similar varietal characteristics, except when specified as a mixed or specialty pack, which are well colored, firm, clean, well shaped, and which are free from decay and wormholes and free from injury caused by scars, freezing, disease, insects, or mechanical or other means.

-Class 2: eggplants of similar varietal characteristics, except when specified as a mixed or specialty pack, which are fairly well colored, firm, clean, fairly well shaped, and which are free from decay and wormholes and free from damage caused by scars, freezing, disease, insects, or mechanical or other means.

-Class 3: eggplants which are firm and which are free from decay and free from serious damage caused by freezing, disease, insects, or mechanical or other means.

*Size

-The size of eggplants may be specified in terms of count, minimum diameter, or a range in diameter in the container. 

U.S. Fancy or U.S. No. 1: grade shall be reasonably uniform in size, except when a range in diameter is specified.

*Similar varietal characteristics

-eggplants in any lot are similar in type, color, and character of growth.

General Information

- Fresh

- Drying--> fruit dried at 60°c

- Freezing--> the fruit is sorted, washed, sliced, and blanched in antioxidant solutions and subsequently frozen as fast as possible

- Pickling--> After washing, slicing, and salting the fruit are usually subjected to a short cooking step in acetic acid solutions in which different spices are added. The hot product may be then canned and subjected to a short pasteurization treatment.

- Cooking--> Traditional eggplant dishes may include fried, boiled, grilled, microwaved, baked, stewed, pureed, and pickled fruit

General Information

-Harvesting, sorting & grading.

-Transportation & Cool chain, to maintain the optimum condition to deliver high quality products.

-pesticide traces, the whole plantation and production cycle have to be control to make sure that the final product is safe.

-Freshness and cleaness

-Visible defects

General Information

-Handling cost

-Refrigerated storage cost

-Shipping cost

-Labour cost and packing materials

-Input costs: labour, mechanisation, fertiliser, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, fuel and electricity cost.

-Yield quantity which is affected by Weather (wind, rains and temperature) and soil type and moisture.

-Mulching & weed control.

Production
Intelligence on global production published on Tridge are based on the statistical data provided by UN FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization. We follow the FAO Code scheme of our data source and assign each page with its most closely associated FAO Codes.
This page is associated with the following HS Codes:
- 0399 Eggplants (aubergines)
FAO Code 0399 Eggplants (aubergines)
Export
Intelligence on global imports and imports published on Tridge are based on the statistical data provided by UN Comtrade: International Trade Statistics Database. We follow the HS Code scheme of our data source and assign each page with its most closely associated HS Codes.
This page is associated with the following HS Codes:
HS Code 070930 Vegetables; aubergines, (egg plants), fresh or chilled
Import
Intelligence on global imports and imports published on Tridge are based on the statistical data provided by UN Comtrade: International Trade Statistics Database. We follow the HS Code scheme of our data source and assign each page with its most closely associated HS Codes.
This page is associated with the following HS Codes:
HS Code 070930 Vegetables; aubergines, (egg plants), fresh or chilled

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