- It is important to mention that the garlic market behaves like a condiment, and not like a vegetable as generally believed.
- This market presents an inelastic demand, which means that by increasing the supply, the quantity demanded will remain the same at the same time prices will decrease.
- In other words, a drop in prices do little to increase sales as people do not change their recipes to use more spices when they are cheap.
- What does it mean? when products like garlic are in over-supply, prices fall dramatically, as consumers do not respond to price changes by buying more.
- When addressing the price of garlic, like most crops, its quality will certainly have an effect on the selling price.
- Rainfall and drought can damage supply, and therefore, also have an impact on that variable.
- Labor costs and logistics expenses are also key components.
- Traces of the origin of Garlic were found in Turkestan (border between China and Afghanistan and Iran). From there, it was taken to China, India, eastern and northern Europe, and the Mediterranean to the west.
- The movements and excursions of nomadic hunters contributed to the dispersal of Garlic as a result of its qualities to conserve meat and fish, the small size for transportation and the ease of storage.
- It is a perennial plant of the Liliaceae family. They reach up to 1.5 m in height. Its leaves are flat up to 8 mm wide. Its flowers are greenish or whitish, sometimes pink, very little abundance and sometimes nonexistent, which protrude with its long peduncle on a head of bulbils. The bulb (head of garlic) is formed by a white envelope inside which are several small bulbs commonly named "teeth".
- The plant generates a spicy bulb which is the part that is mainly used. This bulb is formed by a variable number of teeth, each covered by a tunic of variable color. The whole bulb is covered, simultaneously, by exterior tunics of a whitish color. In a bulb, which is roundly shaped, there can be between 8-14 teeth and its weight is between 30-100 g
- China is the main garlic producer. Shandong, an eastern coastal province, located to the southwest of Beijing is the main producing region followed by Henan and Jiangsu.
- In 2017 China´s yield reached approximately 271.000 hg/ha.
- The most common species include
Allium sativum (var. sativum)-White or artichoke-Violet-Silverskin.
Allium sativum (var. longicuspis)-Red or Rocambole-purple-pink.
Allium sativum (var. ophioscorodon)-Borwn or Continental.
- Although garlic is fundamentally a condiment (and its demand responds to this aptitude), it is part of popular medicine of many countries of the world, having found records dating more than 6,000 years old.
- Modern science considers it with excellent properties (bacteriostatic,
fungistatic, lipid-lowering, antiplatelet, antioxidants), both for human use,
veterinary or agronomic.