Product Intelligence

Lemon

Similar Names
Citrus limon
Top Producer
Barbados
0497 Lemons and limes
Top Exporter
Spain
080530 Lemons and limes, fresh or dried
Top Importer
United States
080530 Lemons and limes, fresh or dried
Wholesale Prices
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$ 1.13 per kg
-3.0%
May, 2019
Jan 7
May 20
Product Intelligence of Lemon

Definitive Guide to Lemon

Everything you need to know about the basics, production, export and import of Lemon.
Product Description
General Information

-Lemons are berry fruits with 3 distinct layers; the outer yellow peel, the whitish mesocarp and the endocarp.

-They have an elongated shape with a peel of variable thickness and a pointed tip.

-The lemon has a juicy medium-sized pulp containing 30 - 35g of juice and a high vitamin C content of 60 - 100mg per 100g of fruit.

-The lemon fruit originated in Asia and is now grown in most parts of the worl.

-The most common varieties are the Verna and Fino cultivars.

-The lemon has a wide range of uses; due to its taste and flavour it is used in the production of juices such as lemonades and soft drink, it is used in foods such as jam, as seasoning and flavouring, for medicinal purposes in curing the common cold/flu and a fragrant lemon oil is extracted from the peel to produce fragrances.

General Information

Citrus limon


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Contributed By
Mzingaye Ndubiwa
General Information

*080550

-Lemons and Limes, Fresh or Dried


*330113

-Essential Citrus Fruits; Oils of Lemon



General Information

[Fino]

-It has an oval shaped fruit with a short nipple, with smooth and thin skin.

-It has high content of juiciness in it pulp and a few seeds.

-The Fino tree is a vigorous type that is productive and thorny.

-It is commonly grown in Spain.


[Verna]

-The fruit is of an average to large size with a pronounced nipple and a well developed neck.

-It has a rough skin that is thick and irregular.

-It has acidic juice and a tender pulp.

-It is grown abundantly in the Spanish countryside.


[Eureka]

-It possesses an average to thin skin skin that is smooth.

-It contains very few seeds and has juice levels of high acidity.

-It is grown in the Mediterranean region.


[Lisbon]

-It has a less pronounced nipple and rougher texture but is otherwise similar to the Eureka in other attributes.

-Its antecedent in the gallego portuguese variety, hence its name.


[Villafranca]

-It is similar to the Eureka in most attributes, except that the tree is more vigorous and the fruit produces more seeds.


[Primofiori]

-The fruit has a rounded shape with a short nipple.

-It possesses a smooth and thin skin with a juicy pulp and few seeds.


[Interdonata]

-The fruit is large and elongated with a smooth texture.

-It has a low quantity of juice, thin skin and few seeds.

-The pulp is divided in 6 - 7 gores.

-It originates from Nizza, Italy.


[Femminello]

-The fruit is of an average size with a thick skin.

-It has less juice content than other varieties, however it is more acidic.

-It is mostly produced in Italy.


[Genova]

-The fruit has a smooth skin and the juiciness is adequately acidic.

-It is produced in South America.


[Meyer]

-The fruit has a large and rounded shape with a small nipple.

-It is yellowish orange in colour with a smooth, soft and thin skin.

-It is a hybrid of the lemon, the orange and the mandarin and is therefore believed to be Chinese in origin.

-The pulp is dark yellow and very juicy with few seeds.

-It does not have the regular lemon smell.


[Kutdiken]

-Similar to the Eureka and the Femminello in its attributes.

-Grown in Turkey but believed to have originated in Italy.


[Laphithkiotiki]

-The fruit possesses a thin skin and a very juicy pulp with few seeds.

-It is a North Cyprus coast variety.

General Information

*Export grades

-FE (Far East)

>Destination: East Asia, Canada

>Defects: 5%

>Sizing: 10mm deviance

>Brix:Acid ratio: 8:1

>Juice %: 50%

>Box type: Open top

>Net weight: 15-17kg

>Option for PLU: Yes


-EU (European)

>Destination: Europe, Canada, USA

>Defects: 10%

>Sizing: 10mm deviance

>Brix:Acid ratio: 7:1

>Juice %: 50%

>Box type: Open top, Telescopic

>Net weight: 14-16kg

>Option for PLU: Yes


-ME (Middle East)

>Destination: Middle East, Russia, Canada

>Defects: 10%

>Sizing: 10mm deviance

>Brix:Acid ratio: 6.7:1

>Juice %: 42%

>Box type: Telescopic

>Net weight: 14-16kg

>Option for PLU: No


*Lemon classes:

-Class 1

-Class 2

-Lowest Class

General Information

[Fresh lemon]


[Cold pressed lemon oil]

- Extracted from the peel and used as the flavoring in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and household products.


[Dried lemon peel]

- Dried lemon peel is usually a by-product from juice extraction and is used in the production of cereals, baked products, sauces, marmalade, spice mixtures, and herbal teas.


[Lemon juice]

- Commonly used as an acidulant for other fruit juices, beverages, and various food products. 

- It is rich in vitamin C and can be used to substitute salt in food. 


[Lemon juice concentrate]

- Concentration and freezing are the best long-term preservation options for lemon juice. 

- It is a semi-processed product that is used for further processing of various beverages such as lemonade and juice blends.


[Lemon puree]

- Lemon puree is prepared from sound, whole fruits that have been sliced/crushed and pureed. 

- It is a semi-processed product that is useful in the commercial preparation of baked foods, beverages, and frozen desserts. 

- Freezing is what preserves it and it produces a yield of about 50 - 60 % of the whole fruit.

General Information

[Fresh lemon]

-The fruit must have a thin peel and be nearly seedless.

-It must be very juicy, with a minimum juice content of 20 - 25%.

-It must be undamaged and unmarked, as dry, hard peels and spots represents off flavours and over-ageing.

-The fruit must have a firm and glossy peel.

-Large Individual fruit weight


[Fresh lemon juice][Fresh lemon juice concentrate][Lemon puree][Cold pressed lemon oil]

-Total Soluble Solids (TSS)

-Titritable Acidity (TA)

-Total Sugars 

-Absorbic Acids


[Dried lemon peel]

-Water holding capacity

-Water activity

-Bulk density

-Colour

-pH

-Tetritable Acidity (TA)

-Total phenolic content

-Antioxidant activity

-Absorbic acid content

-Total carotenoid content

-Volatile compounds

General Information

-Production and packing

-Packing

-Transport

-Labour Handling

-Shipping

-Receiving

-Adverse weather conditions

-Exchange rates

-Production from other competitors

Production
Intelligence on global production published on Tridge are based on the statistical data provided by UN FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization. We follow the FAO Code scheme of our data source and assign each page with its most closely associated FAO Codes.
This page is associated with the following HS Codes:
- 0497 Lemons and limes
FAO Code 0497 Lemons and limes
Export
Intelligence on global imports and imports published on Tridge are based on the statistical data provided by UN Comtrade: International Trade Statistics Database. We follow the HS Code scheme of our data source and assign each page with its most closely associated HS Codes.
This page is associated with the following HS Codes:
HS Code 080530 Fruit, edible; lemons (citrus limon, citrus limonum), limes (citrus aurantifolia)
Import
Intelligence on global imports and imports published on Tridge are based on the statistical data provided by UN Comtrade: International Trade Statistics Database. We follow the HS Code scheme of our data source and assign each page with its most closely associated HS Codes.
This page is associated with the following HS Codes:
HS Code 080530 Fruit, edible; lemons (citrus limon, citrus limonum), limes (citrus aurantifolia)

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