-Lemons and Limes, Fresh or Dried
-Essential Citrus Fruits; Oils of Lemon
-Lemons are berry fruits with 3 distinct layers; the outer yellow peel, the whitish mesocarp and the endocarp.
-They have an elongated shape with a peel of variable thickness and a pointed tip.
-The lemon has a juicy medium-sized pulp containing 30 - 35g of juice and a high vitamin C content of 60 - 100mg per 100g of fruit.
-The lemon fruit originated in Asia and is now grown in most parts of the worl.
-The most common varieties are the Verna and Fino cultivars.
-The lemon has a wide range of uses; due to its taste and flavour it is used in the production of juices such as lemonades and soft drink, it is used in foods such as jam, as seasoning and flavouring, for medicinal purposes in curing the common cold/flu and a fragrant lemon oil is extracted from the peel to produce fragrances.