Spinach has gained its popularity as one of the most consumed vegetables in the U.S. The vegetable was initially planted in Persia but was later introduced in Europe during the 15 century (Lounsbury & Weil, 2018). In the 19th century, this vegetable was introduced in the USA and it has become very popular among the Americans (Lounsbury & Weil, 2018). Besides, the US has become the second largest producers of spinach assuming 3 per cent of the market share (Lounsbury & Weil, 2018).
The spinach plant contains simple leaves that stem from the plant’s centre and they are approximated to be 2-30 cm in length and 1-15 cm in width (Lounsbury & Weil, 2018). The leaves do appear flat and grow in a rosette. Spinach produces yellow-green flowers that are small. They also produce small fruits that contain seeds.
The state of California is the highest producer of spinach in the U.S. it produces about 72% of all spinach produced in the country (Lounsbury & Weil, 2018). Spinach is the USA is being harvested with scissors that are used to cut the leaves from the stem. This method enables other leaves to grow and produces quality products.
Flat-leaf spinach is the most popular and common species of spinach grown in the USA. It is primarily used for domestic consumption (Lounsbury & Weil, 2018).
The reason is that it is cooked and eaten at home. Besides, it contains calcium, iron, and other essential minerals and vitamin required by humans (Lounsbury & Weil, 2018). It is also applied for medicinal purposes where it is used to prevent various infections.
Spinacia oleracea L.
Used to make biscuits, cakes, pastry, bread, and other E wares/bakers (Seair, 2019)
It is used for food preparations (Seair, 2019)
Other vegetables preserved and prepared otherwise than by acetic acid or vinegar. Not frozen other than Hea products (Seair, 2019).
Spores, fruit, and seeds of a particular application for sowing (Seair, 2019)
Frozen vegetable (Seair, 2019)
This product contains a coloring matter of animal origin or vegetable (Seair, 2019).
Dried vegetable, broken, sliced, cut, whole in powder or broken (Seair, 2019)
Used as an animal feed (Seair, 2019)
Fruit juice or fruit pulp based drinks (Seair, 2019)
There exist a difference between the modern variety and older variety of spinach. The reason is that the older varieties do produce seeds quickly during the warm conditions while the modern varieties do grow more rapidly as compared to the older varieties and they do take long run up to produce seeds (Jansen, 2018). Moreover, there are 3 primary varieties of spinach.
This variety does have dark green, curly and crinkly leaves. It is a variety that is sold in fresh bunches in various retailers (Jansen, 2018). Besides, Bloomsdale is one heirloom variety of this type of spinach. This variety is also resistant to bolt.
Smooth/Flat Leaf Spinach
This variety has smooth broad leaves that are always easier to clean as compared to savoy. This variety is usually planted for frozen and canned spinach (Jansen, 2018). Besides, it is also used for processed foods, baby foods, and soups.
This kind is a hybrid variety. This variety has crinkled leaves. Additionally, it does have the same texture as compared to savoy, but it is easy to clean (Jansen, 2018). This variety is grown for both processing and fresh market. This variety is widely produced in the world in that it is resistant to producing seeds.
• Grade: One
• Packaging: 30
• Region of Origin: U.S. A
• Model Number: English Spinach
• Color : Green
• Packaging Details: 30 kg
• Delivery Details: 3 Days
• Our offer of English Spinach supreme and premium rely on end usage for human consumption. English Leaves begins from $200/m.t to $300/m.t for the ports of American and it depends on the purposes of end usage (Nasrin, & Matin, 2017).
• The product provides calcium, iron, and other mineral for human consumption and other medicinal purposes (Nasrin, & Matin, 2017).
Washed and kept in the refrigerator. The product is stored in this particular manner to keep the leaves moist and fresh (Nasrin, & Matin, 2017).
The product should be kept out from high temperature.
The various types of processed spinach undergo various processing techniques. This processing can be carried out through drying and freezing to keep the leaves fresh and moist (Patterson, 2014). Besides, these techniques are meant to prevent any form of damage to the leaves.
The various types of processed spinach leaves include; green giant and spinach flake (Patterson, 2014). Spinach flake is being dried up while the green giant is always being frozen so as to keep the spinach leaves fresh.
The green giant is always being boiled and frozen to last long to prevent it from drying up. Besides, this technique includes wilting the spinach leaves by making them boil in hot water (Patterson, 2014). Thereafter, these leaves are frozen in an airtight bag or a container. The action is to make the leaves to last for two months (Patterson, 2014). On the contrary, spinach flake always undergoes drying process. The leaves are exposed to a high temperature to enable it to dry up (Patterson, 2014).
The following are the factors that determine and promote the quality of spinach in the USA. They include the effective application of fertilizers as recommended (Zitter & McGrath, 2009). The ability of consumers and individuals to accept the application of spinach should also help in determining the quality of spinach produced in the USA (Zitter & McGrath, 2009).
Planting spinach on a fertile soil such as loam clay soil, loam soil, and silty soil with an adequate amount of water would also determine the quality of spinach leaves (Zitter & McGrath, 2009).
Maturity during the harvesting period is also an essential factor in that the leaves should be harvested when they are mature (Zitter & McGrath, 2009).
Enough water supplies through rainfall and irrigation also play a significant role in determining the quality of spinach produced (Zitter & McGrath, 2009). The reason is that spinach consumes a lot of water and the water supply should be adequate throughout the planting season (Zitter & McGrath, 2009). Lastly, adhering to the planting procedure also promote the quality of spinach produced in that this action can only be carried out once the farmer adheres to the various procedure.
What are the key factors that determine the prices of Alfalfa?
• Spinach’s freezing, curing, and drying cost.
• Volume of products in seasons between August and November in the USA and January to April in China (Lounsbury & Weil, 2018).
• The weather conditions in the production areas such as winter seasons and high humid regions (Lounsbury & Weil, 2018).
• Presence of drought and rainfall.
• Inadequate techniques of planting.
• Crop infection and other infections.
• Equipment cost and the availability of the processing techniques.
• Fluctuation in demand in the primary export destination nations and volume of supply (Lounsbury & Weil, 2018).
• Internal transportation cost and global air freight cost for spinach.
• Trade agreements and regulations.
• Increase and decrease of import and export tariff incurred by farmers.