In W20 in the pear landscape, it was reported that the Italian pear sector has been struggling for at least 3-4 years due to pests, diseases, and frosts. Imports from abroad are becoming increasingly common, with Chilean, South African, and Argentinian products being imported in large quantities. In addition, Italy's leading pear marketer, Pera Italia, has formed a new marketing alliance to promote sales of the fruit through modern retail channels and share costs and efficiency. The Italian marketing and research firm CSO had been in discussions to collaborate with the group but decided against it. The Interpera 2023 international pear congress will take place in Lérida, Spain on June 28-29, 2023. It will feature presentations, round table discussions, and presentations on global climate change and its impact on the pear industry. The Spanish Federation of Associations of Fruit and Export Producers (Fepex) has reported that the size of the pome fruit forecast for 2023 will be smaller due to the "unprecedented heat" this summer, leading to a decrease in the weight of the fruits. Further, considering the declining trend in pear-planted areas in Chile, FAS Santiago estimates Chile’s MY 2022/23 fresh pear production to decrease by 4.8% and total 210KT, with exports decreasing by 4.9% and totaling 110KT. Lastly, South Africa exports 12M boxes of apples and 9M boxes of pears, primarily to Southeast Asia and Europe. Pears are in high demand in Russia, and South African exporters are exploring China and India as potential markets.