Weekly Product Updates

W8 Lemon and Lime Update: Michoacán's Lemon Harvest Rises by 8.8% in 2024, and Oversupply Challenges from Fino Harvest Surge in Spain

Fresh Orange
Market & Price Trends
Published Mar 2, 2024
In W8 in the lemon and lime landscape, lemon production in Michoacán, Mexico, increased by 8.8% in 2024, with 36.9 thousand tons produced. Meanwhile, Spain's lemon market faces pressure due to an oversupply due to a significant increase in Fino harvest. Lastly, Peru's Piura has subtle lemons, but exports are limited. Peru's subtle lemon exports are processed products, while the Tahiti lemon market has shifted towards seedless varieties.

Michoacán's Lemon Production Surges by 9% in 2024

According to the Agri-Food and Fisheries Information Service (SIAP), lemon production in Michoacán, Mexico, rebounded by 9% in 2024. The first SIAP report of 2024 indicates that the state produced 36.9 thousand tons of lemons, compared to 33.9 thousand tons in Jan-23, representing an 8.8% year-on-year (YoY) increase. Michoacán ranked second in lemon production nationally, trailing only Veracruz. However, it's important to note that the peak of the Colimex lemon harvest, a variety grown in Michoacán, usually takes place in the second half of the year, which could potentially impact its ranking. Municipalities like Apatzingán and Buenavista contributed the most to production. The average price for Colimex lemons is USD 1.98 per kilogram (MXN 33.72/kg) in Morelia markets.

Spain's Lemon Oversupply in the 2023/24 Harvest Season

The lemon market in Spain is facing pressure due to a significant increase in the Fino or Primofiori lemon harvest, leading to an oversupply of lemons. The Asociación Interprofesional de Limón y Pomelo (AILIMPO) has observed that the current market demand is insufficient to match the pace of lemon harvest, leading to excess lemons remaining on trees. The abundance of fruits per tree, coupled with a lack of rainfall, has caused an abundance of small-sized lemons, below size 58, which are in higher demand and command better prices. Despite a 30% YoY increase in harvest, lemon exports have only increased by 2% YoY, totaling 203 thousand tons from September 1 to December 31, 2023. Additionally, the industry has processed 74 thousand tons by December 31, 2023, up from 32 thousand tons in the previous campaign, mainly due to the availability of spoiled fruit affected by pest damage. As of January 1, 2024, an estimated 642 thousand tons of Fino lemons remain to be harvested.

Export Trends of Piura's Subtle Lemon and Tahiti Lemon Shift in Peru's Agriculture

In Peru, Piura stands out for its production of the subtle lemon, primarily cultivated by small-scale farmers. However, the country exports low amounts of fresh, subtle lemon, with approximately 100 to 110 containers per year, mainly to Chile and Panamá due to the demand from Peruvian restaurants in Chile. In recent years, there has been a shift towards planting and exporting the seedless Tahiti lemon to various global markets. Most of Peru's subtle lemon exports contain processed products, including juice, peel, and dehydrated forms.

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