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Colombian Avocado Market Guide

Country Specific
Dec 6, 2022
Edited by
Juan Carlos
HS Code: 080440 - Fruit, edible; avocados, fresh or dried
|
FAO Code: 0572 - Avocados
Share in Export
2021
2.92%Rank 6
Share in Import
2021
0.00%Rank 112
Share in Production
2020
-
Export Volume
2021
230.55MUSD
1Y +47.01%
Import Volume
2021
85.41KUSD
1Y +14.10%

Production Supply Chain

How Is the Supply Chain Value Structured for Colombian Avocados?

  • The supply chain of Colombian avocados starts from growers, which then goes to packers and finally to the exporter. 
  • There are two types of producers and buyers:
  1. Producers
    Type 1: National Market Type 2: International Market
  2. Buyers
    Type 1: National Market / Type 2: International Market
    (Usually in the form of a packing warehouse)
  • Most of the time, exporters have contracts with smaller growers. They then pay a separate packing facility a certain fee to pack their products. For this reason, many exporters share packing facilities. The larger, top 3-5 Hass avocado exporters have their own packing facilities and farms.
  • Buyers place orders in advance, by making pre-purchases.
  • In 2020, the Top 5 largest Colombian Avocado exporters occupied 61% of total export shares. 32% of the remaining shares included the shares of 20 smaller companies. The top 5 largest Colombian Avocado exporters and the 20 smaller companies altogether constituted 93% of total exports.
  • Large companies dominate the market. Aside from the top 5, there exist multiple small exporters who only have around 1% of the market share. 
  • In the Colombian Avocado Value Chain, agents or brokers don’t play a big role because existing exporters are already well-connected with suppliers.

There are no middlemen since the objective of the exportation companies is to sell directly to final buyers.

In order to secure supplies, one must put in orders at least 2 months in advance to get hold of a substantial amount of volume because it requires time for suppliers to check harvest outcomes and packing house capacities. If seeking to spot-buy, one must look for empty spaces to schedule and secure supplies.


Colombia
Fresh Avocado

How is the Production Structure for Colombian Avocados?

Value Chain: Growers (Exporters) – Exporters – Sourcing companies at destination countries- Distributors & Retailers in destination countries

Given that Colombia is ranked as one of the global top 5 avocado harvesting countries, it comes as no surprise that most Colombian Avocado exporters (85%) own their production facilities.

Colombia's Avocado Grower (Supplier) market is relatively fragmented, as Colombia is considered to be a relatively young avocado-growing country that only started to grow rapidly in 2013. The growth of Colombia's Avocado industry is largely attributed to its social and supply networks.

Most notably, Colombia is home to CORPOHASS (La corporación de productores y exportadores de aguacate Hass de Colombia), the country's national association for Hass avocado.

Colombia
Fresh Avocado