World: Grain trade disruption could cause severe repercussions on dietary energy and protein consumption in the Middle East

Market & Price Trends
Grains, Cereal & Legumes
Published Nov 16, 2023

Tridge summary

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region faces significant food security challenges due to factors such as arable land shortages, water scarcity, and geopolitical conflicts. The region relies heavily on imported grains, which makes it vulnerable to trade disruptions and price fluctuations. A study found that 40% of total dietary energy and 63% of protein in the MENA region come from imported grains, and trade disruptions could jeopardize the nutritional levels of the population. Mitigation measures include diversifying import sources, building reserves, reducing dependence on animal-derived food, and fostering international cooperation.
Disclaimer: The above summary was generated by a state-of-the-art LLM model and is intended for informational purposes only. It is recommended that readers refer to the original article for more context.

Original content

Due to inadequate arable lands, water scarcity, evolving dietary habits, climate change, and ongoing geopolitical conflicts, the region faces significant food security challenges. These are exacerbated by rapid population growth, which has exceeded 2% annually and is higher than the global average for middle-income countries (1.3%). Consequently, MENA countries are highly dependent on imports, especially of grains, which account for most of the supply. This causes the region to be vulnerable to trade disruptions, food shortages, and price fluctuations. Recent studies have shown that the reliance on imports is expected to increase in the years ahead. However, there is a lack of research on the quantitative link between imported grains and dietary energy and protein supply, as well as the impact of trade disruption on diets. As such, a group of researchers utilised statistics from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) on the average dietary and nutritional value of grains to ...
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