Global: Strategic investments in five countries hold the key to tackling climate challenges in livestock production
Published Jun 30, 2023
A new study published in the journal Nature Sustainability suggests that strategic investments in five countries—India, China, Brazil, Pakistan, and Sudan—can significantly address climate challenges in livestock production. These countries account for a large proportion of livestock greenhouse gas emissions and have high numbers of people and animals exposed to climate stress. The study recommends transforming livestock production practices in these countries through measures such as decoupling livestock from deforestation, implementing rotational grazing systems, and promoting silvopasture.
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In a new paper published today in the journal Nature Sustainability, researchers from the CGIAR's Livestock and Climate Initiative and Wageningen University found that investments in only a handful of countries—India, China, Brazil, Pakistan, and Sudan—can make a huge global impact. Globally, the authors say, changes to the livestock sector have great potential to both mitigate the climate crisis, and help people adapt. Livestock production contributes to climate change, and is vulnerable to it at the same time. Ruminant animals' burps and manure release the greenhouse gas methane into the atmosphere, and there are other carbon emissions associated with animal farming as well. Livestock production directly accounts for 5.8% of global annual greenhouse gas emissions—and closer to 23% including associated deforestation and soil degradation. Animal-based foods represent about one-third of food systems' contribution to global emissions. But the climate footprint of most ...