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Mexican Mango Guide

Country Specific
Oct 20, 2021
Edited by
Seujin Jang
HS Code: 080450 - Fruit, edible; guavas, mangoes and mangosteens, fresh or dried
FAO Code: 0571 - Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas
Share in Export
12.29%Rank 2
Share in Import
≈ 0.18%Rank 38
Share in Production
Export Volume
1Y +3.15%
Import Volume
1Y +1.46%

Key varieties

What is the seasonality of Mexican mango?

Season production of mangoes along the coasts (either on the Pacific or on the Gulf coast) seems to occur at the same time due to similarities in climate. The main harvest season is from February-September. Cultivation season is on summer-spring in all the producing states due to plenty of rains.

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What are some of the common types of mangoes?

The main mango varieties in Mexico are Kent, Ataulfo, Tommy Atkins, Haden, Manila, and Keith. Below is a description of commonly produced mango varieties in the world: 
  • Honey (Ataulfo): The flavor profile of honey mangoes is sweet and sour with tropical fruit notes. Honey mangoes have a very small seed, so there is a high flesh-to-seed ratio. The color is vibrant yellow and the shape is small and flattened like an oblong shape. The primary sourcing countries are Mexico, Peru, Ecuador, and Brazil, and peak availability is from March to July.
  • Francis: The flavor profile of Francis is sweet and fruity. Francis mangoes grow on small farms throughout Haiti and are also sourced from Ecuador. The Francis variety is bright yellow in color with green overtones. They are oblong-shaped and peak in availability between May to June.
  • Haden: The Haden mango is sweet and sour with a slight, bitter aftertaste of tropical fruit. The flesh is firm due to the fine fibers and the variety comes in medium to large sizes. The primary sourcing countries include Mexico, Ecuador, and Peru, and peak availability is from March to May.
  • Keitt: The Keitt mango is sweet and fruity with notes of citrus. Keitt mangoes are popular in Asian culture, where they are enjoyed in their mature-green stage. This variety is primarily sourced from Mexico, Ecuador, Brazil, and the U.S., peaking in availability between March to April, as well as August to September.
  • Kent: Kent mangoes are sweet with hints of sour notes and characteristic for their peach and tropical aroma. The Kent variety originated in Florida in the 1940s and is ideal for juicing and/or drying. Ripening cues of the Kent include yellow undertones or dots that cover more of the mango over time.
  • Tommy Atkins: Tommy Atkins is tart with sweet, tropical, and citrus flavors originating from Florida. The Tommy Atkins is the most widely grown commercial type coming into the U.S. This variety is known for its dark red blush hue and oblong shape. They are primarily sourced in Mexico, Brazil, Ecuador, and Guatemala while peaking in availability between March and July. 
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Market outlook

What are the current export and price trends of mangoes in Mexico?

The main markets for Mexican mangoes are the US and Canada. Before the coronavirus pandemic, mango distribution was at 80% for exports and 20% for domestic consumption. However, the current numbers stand at 40% for exports and 60% for domestic consumption and processing. According to the National Mango Board (NMB), the total projected export volumes to the US are expected to be around 75 million boxes. Total exported volumes for the 2020 season will be 6% lower on a year-on-year basis. In primary markets, Mexico faces little competition from South American producers, with suppliers noting that Mexican mangoes have higher sugar levels and differences in the pulp. While Mexico has not seen a direct hit to production from the pandemic, the country has experienced a general decrease in demand from its main markets, with the addition of export restrictions. Local wholesale prices have decreased by half in certain states in Mexico, where prices have gone from 400 to 200 Pesos. FOB prices to the US port of entry in Texas have been higher for mango varieties including Ataulfo, Tommy Atkins, and Kent.

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What is the market outlook for Mexican Mango?

● Production/Export Volume Projections

- Mexican Mango season began in early January and for this year (MY 2020/21) is expected to run until the first week of Oct. (Normally ends in the 2nd week of Sept)

- MY 20/21 Week 33 (Aug) the volume shipped was 2,653,896 boxes and so far for the entire season until August. 

- A total of 69,446,111 boxes have been shipped. Higher than last year’s 68,489,984 boxes. (Standard box size: 8.8 lbs. or 4kg)

- As the peak harvest season is drawing to a close, the mango volume harvest is expected to gradually drop to less than 500,000 boxes. 

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Production Quality

What are some common diseases and pests associated with mangoes?

  • Anthracnose: Most widespread fungal disease of the mango tree, prone to attacking the flowers, leaves, twigs, and fruits; main symptoms include the appearance of brown to black spots on the leaves and/or twigs.
  • Stem-end rots: Fungal infestations which affect the twigs and leaves; are transmitted to the fruit by attacking the stalk area in the form of greyish-brown spots.
  • Mildew: Caused by the fungus Oidium mangiferae; growing particularly well in hot and humid countries upon flowering and fruit-setting.
  • Bacteriosis: Widespread in mango cultivation areas; caused by a bacterium that damages the plant and fruit by developing dark angular and oily spots accompanied by yellowish rings.
  • Phytophthora canker: Affects the mango tree trunks with dark, longitudinal wounds in the bark which conceal brown necrosis of the underlying tissues and disrupts the tree’s nutrient supply.
  • Parasitic animals: Rats, squirrels, and small rodents can attack the fruit, young plant, or manto tree bark causing significant damage.
  • Fruit fly species: One of the biggest scourges that affect the mango is the fruit epidermis; the flies lay eggs on the fruit epidermis and rapidly hatch, producing larvae that feed on the flesh.
  • Mites: Feed on the leaves and attack the fruit, making the mangoes incompatible with marketing requirements.
  • Thrips: Extremely common polyphagous insect which causes defoliation in both mango nurseries and plantations.
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What are quality related issues?

Most common quality related issues are regarding product development and remnants of agrosupplies such as pesticides, fungicides, fertilizers, and vitamins. Problems also arise on post harvest handling. 

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How is the quality check process?

General quality check processes are incorporated in the following stages: farms and fruit development, harvest management, and logistics management (where temperature and controlled ATM are crucial). All these stages comply with HACCP.

-Internal Quality Checks: It is held during selection and packing processes on samples.

-External Quality Checks: External verification units such as SENASICA, PrimusGFS, and Global GAP check the sample before shipments are loaded in containers and before the final departure. Moreover, SENASICA conducts due diligence on the farms and packinghouses annually and licensed auditors inspect the farm and packinghouses for two weeks as well. For Mexican mangoes, 3rd party inspections are very common and the fees related to auditing and certifications are paid by farmers/producers.

-Quality Related Issues: Quality farm supervisor takes responsibility for harvest and packinghouse process related quality claims while other claims are handled by the suppliers through replacement policy during the next shipment or deduct from the remaining payment. 

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Regulation in Exporting Country

Are mango producers regulated by the Mexican government?

The Mexican government requires all mango producers to adhere to:

  • Approved seeds from a government-authorized distributor.
  • Obtain a Phytosanitary Certificate from the Ministry of Agriculture, which in fact is a Phytosanitary Certificate from SENASICA (National Service of Health, Safety, and Agrifood Quality). This covers the use of irrigation water, the sowing land, fertilizers used, and the chemical sprays used for pests and disease control.
  • Certificate of Good Agricultural Practices (G.A.P.), and Food Safety Management (F.S.M.). This covers all the farming techniques from sowing, cultivating, and harvesting methods.
  • Product quality certificate during or before harvesting when farmers classify the product (a certificate of a laboratory analysis), although it can also be done after harvesting, mostly by packing houses/farmers.
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What are documents required for exporting?

Export Documents Required:

Tax ID (RFC) of the company or person who is exporting

Trademark or proof of authorization to use the commercial name

Bar code acquired from Mexican Association of Standards for Electronic Commerce (AMECE)

Federal Commission for the Protection against Sanitary Risks (COFEPRIS) of the Ministry of Health (SSA) issues the following certificates:

Free Export Certificate

Export Certificate

Certificate for export of conformity of good sanitary practices

Certificate for export of conformity with product analysis

Export authorization from the Ministry of Trade

The documents that prove to comply with non-tariff barriers

Commercial invoice

Packing list

Certificate of Origin

Phytosanitary Certificates from SENASICA (National Service of Health, Safety, and Agrifood Quality)

Exports Declaration

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