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What are the production methods of sesame seeds in major countries?

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Production Quality
Oct 20, 2021
Edited By
Jinwoo Cheon
Oct 20, 2021
Edited By
Jinwoo Cheon
Production methods of sesame seeds differ according to the country. Shown below are the production methods of South Sudan, Tanzania, Nigeria and India.

[South Sudan]

  • The crop survives when grown in hotter than optimal temperatures.
  • It requires a constant high temperature of about 26-30°C for growth, blossoms, and fruit ripeness.
  • Low temperature may cause sterile pollen or premature flower fall during flowering.
  • Moisture, length of the rainy season, and temperature determine the time of planting of sesame seeds.
  • It is advised to plant sesame seeds immediately after the first rains in dry areas with short rainy months.
  • Row spacing of 25–75 cm is advised for the crop.


[Tanzania]

  • Broadcasting Seeds: It is the most common seeding method used by smallholder farmers. The seeds are often mixed with sand, soil, or ash and then broadcast or drilled by hand in small furrows.
  • Seed Drilling in Rows. The crop can be planted mechanically under large-scale production—the equipment varying from small hand-operated seeder units or animal-drawn drills to tractor-operated electronically controlled air seeders.


[Nigeria]

- Commercial

  • Planting is usually done on ridges using a mechanical planter placed in rows of 60cm x 10 cm

Subsistence

  • Broadcast in plain lands: The seed should be cultivated on a relatively flat and well-drained loam or loamy soil with a pH range of 5.5–6.7 at a soil depth of 1.5–2.5 cm.
  • Planting on a flatbed should be with inter-row and intra-row spacing of 60 cm x 10 cm at a seed rate of 4 KG/HA when drilling or 5 KG/HA when broadcasting.
  • Thinning should be done three weeks after planting (WAP) to about two plants per stand along with the roll.


[India]

  • Sesame seeds have a thin shell or husk which needs to be removed, and this process is known as dehulling.
  • The dry dehulling process is generally followed in which the sesame seeds are cleaned at a certain level. This dehydrates the moisture in the hull quickly and is brittle. Then the dehulling clash method is applied in which the hulls are peeled from sesame seeds.
  • A wet dehulling process has been developed for easy removal of the husk from the sesame seeds.
  • After hulling, the soaking process is carried out in the next stage.
  • Drying by mechanized process: The process uses a single chamber fluid bed dryer.
  • Drying is also carried out manually by spreading in sunlight for 3-4 days.
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