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USDA Long-Term Agricultural Projections: Meat Demand and Trade

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May 17, 2022
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A large portion of international trade in basic agricultural commodities is driven by increasing meat consumption and feed demand resulting from the production of livestock. Global meat consumption continues to rise throughout the projection period. Consumption of poultry meat, the lowest priced of the three major types of meat, increases at the fastest rate: 1.8 percent annually. Global beef and pork consumption both grow at an annual rate near 0.9 percent.
These growth rates are lower than those experienced during the previous decade, due to slightly slower income growth in the early years of the projection. Global per capita meat consumption remains low compared with levels in higher-income countries—an indication of the potential for continued growth in world meat consumption. In the first projection year (2016/17), global per capita meat consumption is 9.6 kilograms of beef, 16.4 kilograms of pork, and 15.3 kilograms of poultry. Average per capita consumption for developing economies is much lower: for example, 2016 per capita meat consumption in the West Africa Community (ECOWAS) includes 3.4 kilograms of beef, 1.3 kilograms of pork, and 3.1 kilograms of poultry. Meat consumption is projected to grow at 2.4 percent annually for both Sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa and 1.9 percent annually for the Middle East through 2025/26. Southeast Asia’s projected annual growth rate for meat consumption is 2.4 percent through ...
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