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Xylella, the bacteria most closely watched and most feared by European agriculture

La Xylella, la bacteria más vigilada y que más teme la agricultura europea
This news article has been translated to English.
Regulation / Agreement
Environmental Issue
Dec 1, 2021
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Xylella fastidiosa is a bacterium that can be found in almost 600 different plant species and causes from the drying of the leaves, the wilting of the plant or the tree, and, often, its death. In the United States, its greatest victim has been California vineyards for more than a century, while in Italy, the southern region of Apulia has recorded since 2013 the death of millions of olive trees in an area close to 300,000 hectares, which alerted Spain, the world's leading olive oil producer. And in 2016, the first detection of Xylella fastidiosa was reported in the country, specifically in the Balearic Islands, an archipelago that, like the French island of Corsica, is now declared an “infected zone”, which means that the infection cannot be eradicated. bacteria, just check that it does not leave the islands and eliminate the species that test positive. A little later, thousands of cases were detected in the Valencian Community -especially of traditional dry almond trees in Alicante-; one in the Community of Madrid -an olive tree in Villarejo de Salvanés- and another in Andalusia -in a plant of a greenhouse with an anti-insect mesh in Almería-, where the disease is officially eradicated.
Xylella fastidiosa is a bacterium that can be found in almost 600 different plant species and causes from the drying of the leaves, the wilting of the plant or the tree and, often, its death. In the United States, its greatest victim has been California vineyards for more than a century, while in Italy, the southern region of Apulia has recorded since 2013 the death of millions of olive trees in an area close to 300,000 hectares, which alerted Spain, the world's leading olive oil producer. And in 2016, the first detection of Xylella fastidiosa was reported in the country, specifically in the Balearic Islands, an archipelago that, like the French island of Corsica, is now declared an “infected zone”, which means that the infection cannot be eradicated. bacteria, just check that it does not leave the islands and eliminate the species that test positive. A little later, thousands of cases were detected in the Valencian Community -especially of the traditional dry almond tree in ...
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