Why Russia catch less fish than during the Soviet era?

Published Dec 18, 2020

Tridge summary

After the collapse of the USSR, Russia retained access to all the seas, but harvests half of fish and seafood. Why is this - are the water resources depleted? AiF appreciated the country's fish wealth and how fluctuations affect the variety in stores. Reserves and production In the 1980s, the USSR occupied the first or second place in the world ranking of fish powers, annually catching 10-11 million tons of fish and other seafood.

Original content

Now the Russian Federation is competing for the fifth or sixth place with India, Peru and the United States, unequivocally giving way to the leaders of the industry - China and Indonesia. In 2019, our fishermen harvested 5 million tons of biological resources, including 4.7 million tons of fish. This year's result is expected to be about the same. International fisheries, meanwhile, have taken a big step forward in 30 years. The total world catch increased by 17%, to 84 million tons at the end of 2018, and resources decreased along the way. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, in 2015 the share of fish stocks exploited beyond biological sustainability reached 33%. Among the several areas that rampant prey threatens to leave without fish, there is one within our borders - the Black Sea. But could his problems drastically reduce the all-Russian catch? It turns out not. “Last year the Azov-Black Sea basin gave the Russian Federation only 1.5% of ...
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