W29: Grapefruit Update

In W29 in the grapefruit landscape, the World Citrus Organization (WCO) predicts a 13% decline in the Northern Hemisphere global citrus production this season, resulting in a total of 26 million tons. The forecast includes data from Egypt, Greece, Israel, Italy, Morocco, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, and the US. Additionally, grapefruit production is expected to decrease by 17% to 769 thousand tons, and soft citrus is projected to decrease by 13% to a total of 7.2 million tons in the 2022/23 season. Furthermore, during the 2022/23 campaign in the European Union (EU), grapefruit imports decreased by 12%, amounting to 171.4 thousand metric tons (mt). South Africa remains the primary supplier of lemons and grapefruits to the EU.

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)'s total supply of fresh citrus in the US reached nearly 3.8 kg per person in 2022, despite a significant drop in the orange and grapefruit supply from 1970 to 2022. However, other citrus fruits like lemons and limes showed a supply increase during this period. These long-term trends are influenced by consumer demand.

In Jun-23, grapefruit harvests saw slow growth and lower yields compared to 2022, with 15.86 tons per hectare (ha), a 3.7% decrease from the previous year's 16.48 tons per ha. The total production volume in Mexico dropped by 2.4% year-over-year (YoY), reaching 273.2 thousand tons. Veracruz, contributing 63.2% of the national production, experienced a 4.1% decline in harvests. However, Michoacán reported growth with 39.9 mt obtained in the same period. Nuevo León, on the other hand, suffered a 45% production loss, resulting in a total volume of 2.8 mt. Some states, including Sonora, Campeche, Baja California, and Colima, also experienced low harvests.

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