W33: Avocado Update

In W33 in the avocado landscape, the Mexican Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (SADER) has designated eight municipalities in Michoacán, Puebla, Jalisco, and Guanajuato as regulated pest-free zones for avocados. Additionally, three municipalities in Michoacán and an agroecological zone in Tlalnepantla, Morelos, have been pest-free for the first time. This decision enhances the avocado producers’ competitiveness by allowing them to access broader national and international markets. Contingent on compliance with phytosanitary measures, the recognition is valid for 24 months and aims to support Mexico's prominent role as a leading global avocado producer.

In the first half of 2023, Peru's avocado exports reached approximately USD 620 million, marking an increase of 11.6% compared to the same period in 2022. Avocados contributed to the country's fruit exports, with other leading export fruits including table grapes, mangoes, and cranberries. While the United States (US), the Netherlands, and Spain are the top three destination countries for Peruvian avocado exports, China is showing notable interest. The Peruvian coastal and mountainous provinces have experienced growth in avocado exports, contributing to the overall positive performance of the fruit export sector.

Avocado cultivation in Brazil has grown substantially, expanding by approximately 38.59% between 2017 and 2021, covering 18.10 thousand hectares (ha). The country's avocado harvest in the previous year amounted to 301 thousand metric tons (mt). The Brazilian Avocado Association's president noted that from Jan-23 to May-23, around 27.60 thousand tons of domestic avocados were traded through Ceagesp, Brazil’s largest fruit marketing center. Accounting for roughly 25% of the national harvest, with states like São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, and the Federal District being significant contributors. Additionally, avocado cultivation is expanding to regions like Ceará, leveraging the off-season periods of major Brazilian growers.

Avocado crops along the coast of Granada, Spain, are facing a dire situation due to severe drought conditions. Many avocado trees are experiencing leaf loss, yellowing, and withering, leading to poor fruit growth and premature dropping. The lack of irrigation water has caused several wells to dry up, while others have high chloride and sodium levels. The Spanish coordinator of farmers and livestock breeders (Coag) predicts an unfavorable outcome for avocado production, with an expected 70% reduction in yield.

Lastly, Tanzania has experienced substantial growth in avocado exports, rising from 9 thousand tons to 29.03 thousand tons during the harvest 2022/23 season. The President of Tanzania’s reported visits to various countries to seek foreign markets have significantly contributed to this increase. The government plans to provide over USD 217.87 billion (EUR 200 billion) in subsidies to growers for the upcoming season, projected to reach 650 thousand mt.

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